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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 173-178

Comparison of applanation ultrasound biometry with optical biometry for intraocular lens power estimation in cataract surgery and their impact on prediction error

I Care Centre, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Merine Paul
26/39/1, Kallarackal House, Chembukavu, Thrissur - 680 020, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_48_21

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Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the agreement between applanation ultrasound biometry (AUB) and optical biometry using Lenstar 900 for precataract surgery axial length measurement and intraocular lens (IOL) power estimation and their effect on postoperative refractive outcomes. Methods: A case record-based retrospective study of 229 eyes which underwent phacoemulsification with foldable IOL, in a private hospital setting was done. All the eyes were evaluated using AUB and optical biometry for IOL power prediction. The IOL power was chosen based on the optical biometry and the final refraction was used to calculate the prediction error (PE) for both optical and ultrasound biometry. The concordance coefficient and Bland Altman's limits of agreement were determined to examine the disagreement between the two technologies. Results: The mean axial length ± standard deviation (SD) in the study eyes by ultrasound was 23.46 ± 1.01 mm and 23.57 ± 0.99 mm by optical biometry (P = 0.19). The axial length of 4.37% of eyes could not be measured by optical biometry. The mean IOL power prediction ± SD in the study eyes by ultrasound was 20.98 ± 2.68 D and 20.89 ± 2.85 D by optical biometry (P = 0.72). The mean ± SD absolute value of the refractive PE was − 0.32 ± 0.44 D (median − 0.25, interquartile range: −0.75–0). All eyes achieved a postoperative visual acuity of 6/18 or better including 204 (89.87%) that had a visual acuity of 6/6. One hundred and sixty-four eyes (71.62%) eyes had a postoperative spherical equivalent of 0 to ± 0.5D at 30 days. Two hundred and twenty eyes (96.07%) had a postoperative spherical equivalent of 0 to ± 1.0 D. Conclusions: The findings of the study prove that carefully done AUB is comparable to optical biometry and should not be a deterrent in providing the best possible refractive outcomes in a majority of our cataract patients. To ensure that these results are replicable on a wider scale will necessitate adequate training of personnel in the art and science of biometry.

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