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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 185-188

Awareness of retinopathy of prematurity screening among healthcare professionals in Palakkad district of Kerala


1 District Hospital, Kerala Health Service, Palakkad, Kerala, India
2 District Early Intervention Centre, Government Women and Children Hospital, Palakkad, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pediatric Retina and Ocular Oncology, Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of ophthalmology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. V KP. Geetha
District Hospital, Palakkad - 678 001, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_54_21

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Purpose: To understand the level of knowledge and create awareness about retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) among Pediatricians, General Practitioners, and Paramedical staff in the Palakkad district. Materials and Methods: A Questionnaire with multiple choice answers, created to determine the knowledge and current practices of ROP screening, was administered to 216 participants including 97 Pediatricians, 61 General Practitioners, and 58 Paramedical staff (staff nurses and optometrists) in a period of 1 year. The responses were collected and analyzed. Results: Most respondents (70.7%) were from the public sector. More than 90% of respondents in the three groups reported awareness of ROP as a preventable disease in premature babies. However, the knowledge of screening criteria and timing of screening was poor among all participants including Pediatricians. The awareness and knowledge did not differ significantly by respondents in the public and private sector (all P > 0.05). Conclusion: There is an urgent need to focus on strategies to increase awareness of the timing and criteria for the screening are suboptimal even among Pediatricians.


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