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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 269-273

Central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, and axial length in patients with type II diabetes mellitus

Department of Ophthalmology, A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Namrata Sasalatti
Plot No C-11, Sector No - 34, Opposite Police Palace, Navanagar, Bagalkot Karnataka 587103
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_183_20

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to study the central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and axial length (AL) in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and compare it with healthy controls. Methods: A hospital-based nonrandomized prospective comparative study was conducted on 50 type II diabetics and 50 healthy controls. Complete ophthalmic examination was performed. CCT was measured using an ultrasound pachymeter, ACD, and AL was measured using an optical biometer. Statistical comparisons were done between the cases and controls. Results: The mean CCT in diabetic group was significantly higher (531.00 ± 33.42 μm) compared to control group (505.70 ± 32.19 μm) (P < 0.001) The mean ACD in diabetics (3.19 ± 0.35 mm) was significantly lesser compared to healthy control (3.78 ± 0.10 mm) (P < 0.001). CCT and ACD values between subgroups of diabetics such as duration of diabetes, grade of retinopathy, HBA1C values were statistically not significant (P > 0.05). AL s were comparable between the two groups. Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in our study had a thicker CCT and shallow anterior chamber regardless of retinopathy status, duration of diabetes mellitus, glycemic control.

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