• Users Online: 81
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-41

Factors associated with poor prognosis in corneal ulcer: A clinical and epidemiological study


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mini Mathew
Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/kjo.kjo_97_21

Rights and Permissions

Aim: To explore the factors associated with culture positivity and worsening of corneal ulcers in patients presenting to a tertiary care teaching hospital in south Kerala. Methods: We did a retrospective review of hospital-based case records from June 2018 to May 2019 and included all cases of infective corneal ulcer admitted during the period of study with corneal stromal infiltrate on slit-lamp examination. Results of gram stain, potassium hydroxide stain, and culture result were noted. The treatment history (moxifloxacin (0. 3%) or fortified cephalosporin and gentamicin or natamycin) was recorded. The data were exported to the statistical software SPSS V27.0 for further analysis. Results: The data of 125 culture-positive and 250 culture-negative ulcers were studied. Most patients were aged >55 years (n = 201, 53.6%) and 35–55 years (n = 120, 32.0%). The association of culture negativity with nontraumatic risk factors was significant (P = 0.01) but not with the size of the ulcer, progress score, or worsening clinical status of the ulcer. More persons with pretreatment (15.2%) showed worsening of the clinical status compared to those who did not (6.3%) (P = 0.005). 63% of the culture-positive cases had not taken any pretreatment. Compared to noncentral ulcers there was a marked deterioration of central ulcers (16.7%) (P = 0.005). Conclusion: Pretreatment and centrally located ulcers were significantly associated with a worsening clinical condition in this study. Culture-positive corneal ulcers showed a tendency toward improvement, but we could not find an association between the detection of the organism and its favorable response to treatment.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed146    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded10    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal